An In-depth Look at Parking Lot and Area Lighting

What is Parking Lot and Area Lighting?

Parking lot and area lighting is the most common term for outdoor lighting designed for parking lots, driveways, and pedestrian pathways. Therefore, you will find this form of exterior lighting typically mounded on poles. Consequently, the primary purpose is for providing illumination for vehicles and pedestrians. It is not unusual to see different fixtures with various mountings on a single pole.

Some of today’s most commonly used parking lot and area lighting applications utilize Metal Halide, High-Pressure Sodium, or Mercury Vapor Lamps. Subsequently, these are all forms of High-Intensity Discharge (HID) lamps. As an example, below are a few visuals of non-LED parking lot and area lighting applications.

Common Issues in Non-LED Parking Lot and Area Lighting Applications

Metal Halide, High-Pressure Sodium, and Mercury Vapor Lamps are all forms of HID lamps and have shared common issues.

Energy Cost

Firstly, common HID lamps used in parking lot and area lighting applications have a typical range of 100 watts to 1000 watts. The higher wattage producing higher light output. There are several factors that play a role in the number of wattages that are utilized. Such as quantity, spacing, and mounted height. A 400w or 1000w HID fixture can cost between $200 and $500 to operate per lamp/year in electricity costs alone.

Lighting Performance

Secondly, the performance characteristics of HID lamps can vary significantly. It depends upon the type utilized in your facility. If your facility is utilizing High-Pressure Sodium. You could be seeing a longer useful life than some of the other forms of HID due to slower lumen degradation. However, due to their fuel structure, they can produce an Orange light with very low Color Rendering Index. The illumination produced by operating Metal Halide lamps will initially provide a white light. But with the accelerated lumen degradation common to Metal Halide lamps. The overall lifetime of your lamps will decrease and produce a pink illumination that barely provides light.

Maintenance Costs

Thirdly, when it comes to parking lot and area lighting, maintenance costs are always a big concern. Not only do you have to worry about the lamp’s lifetime. But these fixtures also require the use of a bucket truck or lift to change out the lamps and ballasts.  If your organization does not have its own bucket truck or lift. You are forced to hire an outside contractor to maintain the exterior lighting in your facility. These expenses add up fast. Over the course of 3 years, you could be looking at $1,200 in labor and materials to maintain a single parking lot or area light fixture.

Check Out Our Blogs on this Topic!

What can you learn from our hottest blogs on this topic? These are the most common blog topics searched by people just like you. They are looking to make informed decisions about their Parking Lot and Area Lighting.

The Benefits of an LED Parking Lot and Area Lighting Retrofit

There are substantial benefits to performing an LED retrofit to your organization’s parking lot and area lighting. Light Emitting Diodes or LED’s generate light utilizing a semiconductor. They do not rely on the consumption of a fuel source like an HID lamp. Most LED fixtures utilize multi-point sources. Which means the fixtures have multiple diodes with individual optics. When compared to the way HID fixtures distribute light, the results in illumination is more evenly distributed across a surface. With this in mind, let’s look at the three most common benefits of an LED Retrofit.

Energy Savings

Led parking lot and area lighting commonly utilize wattages between 40 – 600 watts, which often result in a 40%-60% reduction in energy consumption. This could mean savings of up to $300 per fixture, per year in electricity costs.

For more on an LED’s energy savings, check out the section on Energy Savings on or LED Education Page

Lighting Performance

As a result of an LED fixtures multi-point design. You will see a bright evenly distributed light pattern perfect for illuminating parking lots and exterior areas. The illumination across a given area will vary less and will eliminate the common bright spot produced by HID fixtures. In addition to your evenly displaced illumination, LED’s come in a variety of color temperatures. They provide a range of options in increasing the visual perception of brightness.

For more on an LED’s lighting performance, check out the section on Lighting Performance on or LED Education Page

Maintenance Savings

Due to the way LED’s generate light their functional lifespan is much longer. An LED’s generated light output will degrade very slowly over time. As a result, their functional lifespan can often exceed 100,000 hours. The LED’s lifespan drastically reduces the costs associated with maintaining your parking lot and area lighting.

For more on an LED’s lifespan, check out our blog, Understanding LED Lifespan.

Images and Video for Review

Here are a few comparison images from one of our Parking Lot and Area Lighting LED Retrofits. Check out the video review of this case study: A Before and After Comparison of an LED Parking Lot Retrofit

Determining Next Steps in an LED Parking Lot and Area Lighting Retrofit

You have weighed the pros and cons of retrofitting your parking lot and area lighting to LED. And the LED won by a landslide. So, now the big question is, what are the next steps in the process? We have a few considerations for you to review.

Commercial Lighting Service Provider

If moving to a commercial lighting service provider, consider partnering with a service management provider. Make sure they can supply a national LED lighting and electrical maintenance program. Review these items when vetting a national LED lighting, electrical, and signage service provider.

Interested in Learning More?

The first step in any LED lighting project should be to contact a lighting solutions provider or lighting company. Make sure they are manufacturer and product-neutral. With neutrality comes a higher focus on your needs as opposed to the desire or limitation of selling a specific product.

A LED Retrofit provider should ask you about your project.

  • What are your desired results?
  • Are you looking at budget or project completion constraints?
  • Do you have an energy reduction target?
  • Are there lighting performance specifics needed to be taken into consideration?

At Action Services Group, our business model is designed to offer you the maximum ROI. While taking your lighting performance, maintenance cost, and energy efficiency into consideration. No solution or product is ever a one size fits all. We understand the need to customize solutions to meet the organization.

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A Critical Guide to Setting Criteria goals for your LED Project

Narrowing down the best LED solution for your organization can be a challenge. The LED Industry has thousands of lighting options, and not all of them offer the same results. Without knowing product specifics, you might select an LED lamp that provides optimal performance but does nothing for energy efficacy. That is why prioritizing your LED goals should be your first step in any LED Retrofit project. No matter what your lighting application is, a full review of these factors is needed to prioritize them based on your LED Retrofit goals. We created this guide for LED projects; it will lead to the appropriate LED lighting solution for your organization. (more…)

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